Title : Successful Establishment of Human Cloned Embryonic Stem Cells Special 
Stamp Serial#
2428
KPC#
C-1879 
MICHEL#
 
Scott#
2168 
Date of Issue
02/12/2005
Quantity
1,600,000 
Denomination
220 won 
Design
Procedure of Establishing Stem Cells & Hope 
Designer
Roh, Jung-hwa 
Image Area
50mm x 22mm 
Perforation
13 
Sheet Composition
4 x 5 
Paper
White unwatermarked
Printing process
and colors
Photogravure, five colors
(printed using OVI) 
Print
Korea Minting and Security Printing Corporation 
Description
Prof. Hwang Woo-suk and his team succeeded in establishing human cloned embryonic stem cells for the first time in the world in February 2004. This marks another step forward in liberating humankind from incurable diseases that have inflicted untold human suffering for almost eternity.

Stem cells grow into all the different types of cells comprising the human body and are produced from the inner cells of blastocysts, a hollow microscopic ball of cells. For obtaining cloned embryonic stem cells, i) the nucleus is extracted from a matured human egg (called enucleation); ii) the somatic cells of the subject (e.g. patient) that is to be cloned is transferred to enucleated oocytes; and iii) through electric fusion and an activation process, embryo development is induced as normal fertilization of sperm and egg.

Ethical controversies emerged in the international community because human cloning would be possible if the cloned embryos are implanted in the womb. Nonetheless, cloned embryonic stem cells cause no immunological rejection when transplanted into patients because they are acquired from the patient's own somatic cells, offering new hope to the many suffering from heart diseases, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, diabetes, spinal cord disease and other incurable diseases.

In the face of fierce disputes on whether to totally ban producing human cloned embryonic stem cells or to approve it with limited usage for the purposes of curing illnesses, the UN decided to allow each government to make a decision on its own in 2004.