Title : THE CENTENNIAL OF KOREA'S MODERN JUDICIAL SYSTEM
Stamp Serial#
1811 
KPC#
C-1375 
MICHEL#
1835 
StanGib#
2152 
Scott#
1808 
Date of Issue
04/25/1995 
Quantity
3,000,000 
Denomination
130 won 
Design
A Balance and the Court Organization Act 
Designer
Lee Keun-moon 
Image Area
22mm*32mm 
Perforation
13 
Sheet Composition
Sheet of 20(4*5) 
Paper
White Unwatermarked
Print
Korea Minting and Security Printing Corporation 
Description
Korea's modern judicial system was established in 1895 with the promulgation of the "Court Orgarnization Act." Through the separation of the judicial authority from the royal authority, the court was made independent of the administrative system. April 25, 1995 marks the centennial of the promulgation of the "Court Organization Act", which was a significant milestone in Korea's development.

In feudal society, the law existed solely as a means to support the absolute monarchy and enforce the strict social hierarchy. There was therefore no judicial system which the common people could turn toward for justice. All authority rested with the king or the high government officials. Later, the emergence of humanism during the Renaissance, the development of democrasy in Great Britain, and the spirit of the French Revolution gave birth to a new system of modern law based on democracy, individualism and freedom. The origins of modern law can be found in the philosophy of the Enlightenment: Rousseau, who espoused popular sovereighty and Montesquieu, who championed the separation of powers.

Korean's modern judicial system was introduced during the late Choson Dynasty as part of Korea's efforts to modernize itself independently as the country was under the threat of invasion from foreign powers. The newly created system, however, was suspened during Japan's colonial period. Upon liberation in 1945, the newly established government, realizing the importance of separation of powers-the executive, legislature and judiciary-invested the judiciary with the protection of the basic rights of the people.

The Ministry of Inforamtion and Communication is commemorating the centennial of Korea's modern judicial system by issuing a new stamp featuring "a Balance and the Court Organization Act", bringing to mind the history of the judicial system and to wish for its continued development.